What are Dentures?
Dentures are prosthetic devices that are replacements for missing teeth. The person wearing a denture can take it out and put in into their mouth, depending on the type of denture.
Dentures are natural looking and comfortable; however, they take time to get used to, and they do not feel the same as one’s original teeth.
There are two types of dentures: partial and full. Discuss your options with your dentist to choose the best one for you depending on the dental work needed and the cost.
How Do Dentures Work?
Full dentures have a flesh-colored acrylic base that fits perfectly over your gums. The upper denture has a base that covers the roof of your mouth. The lower denture has a horseshoe-style shape, providing room your tongue.
A dentist takes impressions of a patient’s mouth, sends the impressions to a dental laboratory, and they create a custom-made denture for each patient.
Three Types of Dentures
Conventional Full Denture
A dentist must remove all remaining teeth, and gum tissues must fully heal before placing a conventional full denture into a patient’s mouth. Healing may take up to several months. During the healing process, you are without dentures and teeth.
Immediate Full Denture
A dentist inserts an immediate full denture directly after removing any remaining teeth. Dentists take measurements and models of the patient’s jaw before this visit.
Immediate dentures allow the patient to never be without teeth; however, they must be relined a few months after insertion as the bone that braces the teeth reshapes while it heals. The reshaped bone leads to the denture becoming loose.
Unlike full dentures, a partial denture lays on a metal piece that joins to your natural teeth.
In this case, crowns are occasionally placed on a few natural teeth to support the denture. A partial denture is a removable option to bridges.
How Long Do Dentures Last?
Over time, one’s denture needs to be remade, relined, or rebased due to normal use and wear.
Rebasing is when a new base is added to your existing denture teeth. Your mouth also changes as your age, causing dentures to loosen. Loose dentures may irritate your gums and make chewing strenuous.
Even with dentures, be sure to visit your dentist for a checkup every year at a minimum.
Tips For Caring For Your Dentures and Your Oral Hygeine
- Remove and insert your dentures while standing over a folded towel or a bowl of water. Dentures may break if dropped as they are incredibly delicate.
- Do not allow your dentures to dry out. Gently place them in a container with a denture cleaning solution or plain water when not worn. Do not use hot water, as it can cause your dentures to warp.
- Brush your tongue, gums, and palate every morning with a soft toothbrush before inserting your dentures, as it helps remove plaque and stimulates your gum tissues.
- Be sure to brush your dentures daily to remove plaque and food deposits. Brushing your dentures daily helps prevent your dentures from staining.
- Visit your dentist if your dentures loosen, chip, crack, or break. Do not adjust your dentures yourself as this can cause further damage.